Vadim Vinogradov, Larisa Soldatova

On the Meaning of Principles in Environmental Law and Their Application

2021. No. 5. P. 99–121 [issue contents]
New norms of law are created in response to the emergence of the need to regulate certain relations. We are not only improving, modifying the existing mechanism of nature management, but also developing completely new legal instruments and methods of environmental protection, which is associated with the risk of not achieving the set goal. Legislative activity, like law enforcement, cannot be carried out haphazardly, the basis is necessary, as well as an understanding of the essence of relations, the basic laws of their development and the goals of regulation itself. The principles of law fulfill this function. They help to prioritize, determine the direction of regulation, and select the relevant methods of legal impact. The presence of problems in the field of legal regulation of environmental relations makes us think about the correctness of building a regulatory framework, the effectiveness of legal mechanisms, which was the purpose of the study. And since environmental law is constantly changing, the reason for inefficiency lies, among other things, in the absence of a unified system of principles of environmental law and environmental legislation. Consideration of scientific sources, Russian and foreign, allows us to state the fundamental role of the law principles, they are irreplaceable in judicial practice. The principles of law play an exclusive role in international environmental law. To determine the role of the principles of environmental law, in addition to studying doctrinal sources, the court practice was analyzed in more than 400 cases, including claims for compensation for environmental damage and protection of the right to a healthy environment. The study showed that the further development of relations in the field of environmental protection requires the construction of a unified system of principles. The legislator and the applicants of law sometimes, even on an intuitive level, are forced to resort to the principles of law. The high courts rely on the principles of environmental law in the formation of uniform judicial practice and interpretation of the norms of environmental law. So far, this is of an irregular, but rather exceptional nature. In order to increase the productivity of the current legislation, we will work hard to determine the content of the principles, their relationship to each other and the possibility of application.
For citation: Vinogradov V.A., Soldatova L.V. On the Meaning of Principles in Environmental Law and Their Application. Law. Journal of the Higher School of Economics, 2021, no.  5, pp. 99–121. DOI: 10.17323/2072-8166.2021.5.99.121.
Citation: Vinogradov V., Soldatova L. (2021) O znachenii printsipov v ekologicheskom prave i ikh primenenii [On the Meaning of Principles in Environmental Law and Their Application]. Pravo. Zhurnal Vysshey shkoly ekonomiki, no 5, pp. 99-121 (in Russian)
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