Olga Bezin

Forensis approaches to modelling criminal activity

2011. No. 4. P. 133–143 [issue contents]

The author analyses the questions connected with the development of the modeling method in forensic science. Besides, the study deals with the main types of models used at the different stages of the forensic science development. The forensic model is defined as an artificial system that reproduces the replaced object with a certain degree of similarity. The main directions of the research in forensic science are considered in terms of the modeling method. The author demonstrates the place and importance of ideal models, stressing that any ideal model can be expressed in a material form such as scheme, drawing, formula, design or description. The article argues ideal models allow getting an idea of future actions of the subjects of investigation. An important feature of these models is their characteristics to act as an analogue of unknown circumstances of a crime. The article features the specifics of modeling criminal activity – the advantages and disadvantages. A proposal is introduced to unify these sciences of the criminal law cycle to develop a complex description of crimes in the form of describing and systematizing inherent traits received during forensic, operational and other investigations that are made within the framework of these sciences. At the same time, the following conclusion is made. The modeling process of criminal activities should be based not on the static enumeration of all possible elements of this activity, but on the dynamic approach of their forming. Besides, the specifics of forensic modeling of criminal activities should be defined by studying the traces – material and ideal left by the criminal. The conclusion has been made that forming forensic models of criminal activities should be done on the basis of “systematic-acting” approach.

Citation: Berzin’ O. A. (2011) Kriminalisticheskie podkhody k modelirovaniiu prestupnoi deiatel'nosti [Forensis approaches to modelling criminal activity] Pravo. Zhurnal Vysshei shkoly ekonomiki, 4, pp. 133-143 (in Russian)
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