V.S. Malichenko

International Legal Mechanisms for Counteracting Health Emergencies

2021. No. 1. P. 174–197 [issue contents]
The pandemics of the coronavirus infection COVID-19, which broke out in 2020, in afew months has affected almost every state regardless of the level of economic welfare,resulting in catastrophic socio-economic damage, an unprecedented loss of GDP, increasein unemployment, and a collapse of health systems. The consequences of the infectionspread have become a vivid ineffectiveness indicator of the international legal mechanismsresponsible for regulating health issues at the global level. The International Health Regulationshave demonstrated their total failure in countering new epidemiological threats, and WHO hasonce again proved a total failure to act as a global leader in addressing health problems. Thelack of a vaccine, as well as other health technologies at the time of the pandemic onset,was an indicator of systemic challenges in implementing global strategies to protect fromnon-military threats and achieve universal health coverage. This article discusses the mainstages of the international cooperation development in action against the spread of infectiousdiseases, and also formulates their importance on the agenda of international organizationsin the formation of the concept of global security. The article analyzes the practice of applyinginternational health regulations in the context of the emergence of new infectious pandemicsand formulates recommendations for improving the regulation of processes aimed atpreventing and fighting against infectious diseases. Special attention is paid to assessingthe effectiveness of the mechanism for defining a “public health emergency of internationalconcern” based on the example of the most recent declared pandemics since the revisionof the IHR. The article articulates the main barriers to the development of vaccines as themain health technology for countering the spread of infectious diseases, and also examinesthe main international mechanisms for ensuring universal coverage of essential healthcare, including successful international initiatives to attract funding. Based on the identifiedsystematic threats in the system of global health management, the article formulates anumber of recommendations for improving the activities of WHO.
For citation: Malichenko V.S. (2021) International Legal Mechanisms for Counteracting Health Emergencies. Pravo. Zhurnal Vysshey shkoly ekonomiki, no 1, pp. 174–197 (in Russian) DOI: 10.17323/2072-8166.2021.1.174.197
Citation: Malichenko V. (2021) Mezhdunarodno-pravovye mekhanizmy protivodeystviya chrezvychaynym situatsiyam v sfere zdravookhraneniya [International Legal Mechanisms for Counteracting Health Emergencies]. Pravo. Zhurnal Vysshey shkoly ekonomiki, no 1, pp. 174-197 (in Russian)
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