N.I. Diveeva, F.K. Nogaylieva, A.V. Kuz'menko, M.V. Filippova

Outcomes of Foster Family Placement for Elderly and Disabled: Foreign Doctrines and Russian Experience

2020. No. 4. P. 165–180 [issue contents]
The article is devoted to research of a new type of social care in Russian legislation,which is a foster family for elderly persons and disabled. The increase in the number ofelderly persons in the population structure along with the further predicted increase inlife expectancy place the states before the new challenges and the need to search for thenew flexible forms of social care for elderly and disabled. The active form of social caresuch as placement to specialized state institutions no longer provides an adequate levelof care, furthermore, it doesn’t allow for taking into account the individual characteristicsand preferences of those in need. Maintenance of this active form in the future will onlyincrease the burden on the state budget. The recognized (including recognition on theinternational level) form capable to satisfy the needs of this category of population is afamily care. In this regard, the purpose of this article is to analyze the socio-demographicand cultural problems of family forms of care for the elderly and disabled, the legalregulation of these issues in Russia and abroad. This research, conducted using generalscientific methods and methods of legal science (formal-legal, comparative-legal, etc.),made it possible to formulate some conclusions. The problem of insufficiency of the formsof social care for the elderly and disabled can be described as civilizational and culturallydetermined. Break-up of traditional forms of social life and economy managementoccurred along with the transition to a new type of family culture — the nuclear family.This type of family culture does not imply living of several generations together (meaningthe absence of the family care for the elderly and disabled) and thus imposes on the statethe obligation to search for and to develop the new forms of care for those in need. Theorganizational form that has received the most distribution in foreign practice is a fosterfamily for elderly and disabled. This form is based on agreement of placement in a fosterfamily with the obligations of a care-giver; the state fully or partially reimburses the costsof a care-giver and controls the fulfillment of agreement. A similar practice has developedenough in regional Russian legislation so that to assert the need to adopt it on the levelof a federal law.
For citation: Diveeva N.I., Kuzmenko A.V., Nogaylieva F.K., Filippova M.V. (2020) Outcomes of Foster Family Placement for Elderly and Disabled: Foreign Doctrines and Russian Experience. Pravo. Zhurnal Vysshey shkoly ekonomiki, no 4, pp. 155–180 (in Russian) DOI: 10.17323/2072-8166.2020.4.155.180
Citation: Diveeva N., Nogaylieva F., Kuz'menko A., Filippova M. (2020) Perspektivy instituta priemnoy sem'i dlya pozhilykh grazhdan i invalidov: zarubezhnye doktriny i opyt rossiyskogo zakonodatelya [Outcomes of Foster Family Placement for Elderly and Disabled: Foreign Doctrines and Russian Experience]. Pravo. Zhurnal Vysshey shkoly ekonomiki, no 4, pp. 165-180 (in Russian)
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