V.A. Laptev

Artificial Intelligence and Liability for its Work

2019. No. 2. P. 79–102 [issue contents]
Industrial revolution transformed idea of ways and means of production. Introducingrobots in the real sector of economy became inevitable process. Degree impact of theperson on production cycle decreases gradually and replaced by programs determiningbehavior of robots and a mentality of artificial intelligence by digital algorithms. Primaryresearches of artificial intelligence have found reflections in works of software engineers.The legal treatment of the nature of artificial intelligence and a regulation of his use became the big task for domestic jurists. The analysis of possible approaches to disclosure ofthe concept “artificial intelligence” as legal category and his ratio with the concepts ofrobot and cyberphysical system is provided in the article. Issues of liability for work ofartificial intelligence are revealed. The possibility of recognition for the robot (car) withartificial intelligence, status of a legal entity is studied. The possibility of recognition oflegal personality of artificial intelligence in cyberphysical space is separately considered.Work purpose is to offer ways of development of the legislation in the conditions ofdigitalization of Russian economy and introduction of artificial intelligence. Methods ofanalysis, synthesis, generalization, induction and deduction, interpretation, classificationand comparative methods were used. The research will allow to improve legal regulationof artificial intelligence in economy. Author’s look to disclosure of categories of artificialintelligence, intellectual systems and robot from a position of Russian law is offered.Mechanisms of attraction to legal responsibility of appropriate subjects of the rightare defined. Author allocates three stages: short-term, medium-term and long-termtemporary prospects of development of the legislation defining legal capacity of the robotand artificial intelligence in cyberphysical space, the maintenance of the cyberphysicalrelations and also the bases of attraction to legal responsibility of participants of theconsidered relations. Legal regulation of economic activity with use of artificial intelligencehas to be based on the principle of convergence of technology and rules of law.
For citation: Laptev V.A. (2019) Artificial Intelligence and Liability for its Work. Pravo. Zhurnal Vysshey shkoly ekonomiki, no 2, pp. 79–102 (in Russian) DOI: 10.17-323/2072-8166.2019.2.79.102
Citation: Laptev V. (2019) Ponyatie iskusstvennogo intellekta i yuridicheskaya otvetstvennost' za ego rabotu [Artificial Intelligence and Liability for its Work]. Pravo. Zhurnal Vysshey shkoly ekonomiki, no 2, pp. 79-102 (in Russian)
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