R. Reznik

Alternative Cross-Border Consumer Dispute Resolution

2017. No. 1. P. 111–121 [issue contents]
The development of private international law and international civil proceedings law in the area ofconsumer protection does not solve completely the problems faced by the weaker party when makingcross-border consumer contracts. Conflict rules and jurisdiction rules are addressed primarily to thenational court, but for economic reasons, consumers rarely seek protection of their rights in court if thecase is related to the legal orders of several countries. The solution of this problem lies in the developmentof more flexible, rapid and inexpensive way to resolve disputes out of court. The examination of theEU Directive on Alternative Dispute Resolution leads to conclusion that it only sets basic standardsfor the out-of-court consumer dispute resolution industry, but contains no specific procedural rules. Inaddition, the article provides a critical view of the EU Regulation on the online dispute resolution: Webplatformfor the consumer disputes resolution, created on its basis, has very limited functionality andessentially performs only mediation, facilitating the consumer to find the national alternative disputeresolution agency but not exercising proper arbitration of consumer disputes. Great hopes are vestedin the UNCITRAL Rules on Online Dispute Resolution, under development: in addition to the principlesand standards this document contains specific procedural rules. It is noted that the UNCITRAL Ruleswill be an important addition to the Regulation on online dispute resolution. However, in view of theuniversal international character of the UNCITRAL Rules, as a soft law act, they can be used not onlyin the European Union, but also in all other countries, where the law provides for the possibility ofonline dispute resolution. As an example of the successful online platform for the settlement of low value disputes the author analyzes the experience of the Chinese e-commerce portal. A study of itsOnline Transactions Dispute Rules confirmed that in comparison with the procedure for resolving suchdisputes at the state courts, online arbitration is a faster and more effective alternative.
Citation: Reznik R. (2017) Al'ternativnye sposoby razresheniya mezhdunarodnykh sporov iz dogovorov s uchastiem potrebitelya [Alternative Cross-Border Consumer Dispute Resolution]. Pravo. Zhurnal Vysshey shkoly ekonomiki, no 1, pp. 111-121 (in Russian)
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